number-5

 
American Houses

Everytime I visit the United States, I am always captivated by the various styles of residential architecture that line the streets. Sometimes a single road will have three or four different styles represented, from Tudor-Revival to Colonial to Shingle-Style. The wide variety of home styles reflects a nation rich in history and one that has been heavily influenced by its diverse geography, as well as its English, Spanish and French heritage. Many of the home styles are ‘revival’ styles, meaning they have borrowed architectural details from historical periods; Greek-revival homes, for instance, are usually white and often feature temple-like pillars at the front entrance, referencing the ancient Greek and Roman monuments. The White House is an example of this form of architecture.

There are at least 23 different home styles that are quite unique to North America: the log cabin, the saltbox, Georgian, Federal, Greek Revival, Gothic Revival, Italianate, Second-Empire/ Victorian, Queen Anne, Shingle, Richardsonian Romanesque, Folk Victorian, Colonial Revival, Cape Cod, Neoclassical, Tudor Revival, French Revival, Spanish Colonial Revival, Pueblo Revival, Craftsman, Modernist, International and Ranch/Bungalow.

With the Fourth of July in mind, I’ve shared five of my personal favourite American styles with a description of their distinct architectural features. Happy Independence Day!

1. GOTHIC REVIVAL: 1840 to 1880

Features: Steeply pitched roof with decorated bargeboard and cross gables with spires, arched gothic windows and doors with arched panels, first-floor porch.

The Gothic Revival is another trend that started in England and made its way to the U.S. The style mimics the shapes found on Medieval churches and houses. It is almost always found in rural areas.

2. SHINGLE: 1880 to 1900

Features: Exterior walls and roofs of wood shingles; asymmetrical house shape, often organic to the landscape around it; large porches; intersecting roofs of different shapes, including gambrel.

This style is distinctly ‘seaside’ and was mostly popular along the coast in the Northeast. Shingle houses were usually large, free-form mansions built into the rocks and hills of the shore. Many smaller Shingle homes exist today.

3. SALTBOX: 1607 to early 1700s

Features: Steeply pitched (catslide) roof that reaches to first story in the back; massive central chimney; small windows of diamond-paned casements or double-hung sash with nine or 12 lights.

Most saltboxes existed in and around New England. Their steep roof pitch is a remnant of the days of thatching, but early settlers learned that wood shingles were better at funneling off snow and rain. Few original saltboxes survive today but the style is often copied because of its charming simplicity.

4. ITALIANATE: 1840 to 1885

Features: Hip roof with deep, bracketed eaves; arched 1-over-1 or 2-over-2 windows with elaborate crowns; paired-door entryway with glass in the doors.

Again modeled after a fashion started in England, the Italianate style rejected the rigid rules of classical architecture and instead looked to the more informal look of Italian rural houses.

5. TUDOR REVIVAL: 1890 to 1940

Features: Steep-pitch side gable roof with cross gable and half timbering; double-hung or narrow, multi-light casement windows, some with diamond panes; semi-hexagonal bay windows; walls of stucco or stone (later examples).

More Medieval than Tudor, the style’s details loosely harken back to an early English form. Though the style began in the late 19th century, it was immensely popular in the growing suburbs of the 1920s. A version of Tudor came back into vogue in the late 20th century.

american-house-styles

Which style would you choose as home sweet home? Tell us in the comments section below

by Andrew

Reader Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Heather

My favorite is Greek Revival… for its looks and ideology. With British influence waning after the War of 1812 and the nation rapidly expanding westward, the style was viewed as an expression of America’s triumphant sense of destiny and the sense that our newly formed nation was the spiritual descendant of Greece, birthplace of democracy. My town is named after a Greek city and we have many Greek revival homes in the area. Classic and beautiful.

Reply
Gilbert Hayes

Dates: 1965 – PresentFeatures: Sense of anything goes, forms filled with humor, irong, ambiguity, contradiction, juxtaposition of styles, blend of traditional, contemporary, and newly-invented forms, exaggerated or abstract traditional detailing, materials or decorations drawn from far away sources. Postmodern architecture evolved from Moderism, yet it rebels against that style. Modernism is viewd as excessively minimalist, anonymous, monotonous and boring. Postmodernism has a sense of humor. The style often combines two or more very different elements. A Postmodern house may combine traditional with invented forms or use familiar shapes in surprising, unexpected ways. In other words, postmodern houses often don’t have anything in common with one another, other than their lack of commonality. Postmodern houses may be bizarre, humorous, or shocking, but always unique.

Reply
Nicki

Although we live in a mid 19th century Italianate, I really love Shingle Style. That photo above is glorious!

Reply
Bev Redmond

Not if I get there first. 🙂 Wouldn’t that make an awesome B&B?

Reply
Barb

I like #2 shingle the best among these choices. My favorites, though, are actually bungalow and American Craftsman homes. In each of these there is always a nice covered front porch.

Reply
Jill Metcalf

I live the Italianate homes, but never knew what the style was called. Thank you for sharing!

Reply
Trish

cottage style. I love to feel cozy and snug with the people I love close around me. I love something informal where everyone feels welcomed and loved.

Reply
margo

Craftman style for me. But then, I do love the Santa Fe adobe style too.

Reply
Neelna Conkel

Gothic Revival. For the romance it implies with all the ornate details.

Reply
Bev Redmond

I’ve always loved the uncluttered look and feel of the saltbox style of architecture. It’s simple and straightforward, yet at the same time it has an elegance all its own. I’m drawn to the houses themselves and the beautifully simple, handcrafted furnishings of the era when the saltbox came into being.

Reply
Deborah Donovan

As long as it has a giant porch, I am open to almost any style.

Reply
Kathleen Ethier

I live in Georgia and love the Craftsman bungalow and the American Foursquare.

Reply
Brendan

Can’t I just say yes? I really like Gothic and Italianate achitecture, and Tudor, and Georgian. Basically if it is done well, it is really great. If it is poorly executed, forget it.

Reply
Linda Peterson

These examples are all so beautiful. I’ve always loved the Tudor but seeing these examples it’s hard to decide on a favorite.

Reply
Nancy

All homes are beautiful is there’s ~love~ inside. I live in a little cottage at the plowline. I’ve only been here for 9 years, but every single day increases the love I have for this little house. I believe she even breathed a’ sigh’ after I moved in. I respect my home and the land she is built on. It is simple and cozy. The landscaping I’ve done compliments the house and the surroundings. She is not a ‘show-off’ house. But rather an ‘oh, isn’t that a lovely little place’, the house is charming and the gardens rustic and purposeful. Yes, this is the dream the little house had for me.

Reply
Martha

Shingle for the lifestyle – coast, relaxed. Italianate for the architectural style.

Reply
potterstreet

Love them all. Lived in a beautiful Italianate, now in a small, charming late Victorian. My next house will be a Craftsman bungalow.

Reply
Ann Coballes

It makes me smile just dreaming about having a shingle home right now. Hampton style kind of home. Seaside. Relaxing. Even just to renovate our old home and convert it into that style would fulfill my dream. Love love love dream dream dream 🙂

Reply
Laura talbott

I live in it now. 122 year old Victorian, I have spent 7 long years working on her.

Reply
Celicia

I cannot imagine ever living in another home now that I’ve lived in our log cabin. While Rustic style has always appealed to me ~ It’s the heritage that accompanies log cabins that I cherish now. Log Cabins by their very nature represent continuity, stability and independence.

Reply
Beth

I love homes of all shapes, sizes and styles, but especially old homes. Old stone homes are my all-time favorite…solid and beautiful.

Reply
Peter Simmonds

Love # 3 !!!
Reminds me of Home rob and I owned in Roxbury Conn.

Reply
Sorcha

I like the simplicity of a saltbox, but the witchy side of me loves the Gothic Revival.

Reply
Peter Simmonds

Love number 3 in particular. Reminders me of rob and my old house in Roxbury conn .

Reply
Ken Newman

My wife and I lived in a Saltbox for 23 years before moving to our present, circa 1815, timber frame Pennsylvania farmhouse. I’ve always had a fondness for simple lines and strong enduring structures. But I will admit that massive Italianate home is my favorite of this group. My dream home has always been an old stone grist mill.

Reply
rick niznik

have always dreamed of a yellow or red sided home….trust me, the red one featured here will do just fine!

Reply